It is said that there is no set time or place or age for learning, and this is quite true. Learning is a continuous process. However, have you wondered how much of the information you’re consuming is effectively retained? You see, while learning is an ongoing process, effective learning is taking it a notch higher. There are various factors that are in play to aid the process of learning. Let’s have a look at them.
1. Mental/Intellectual Factor
This refers to the intellectual component of learning. In general, academic success is linked to intellectual ability. An individual's natural capability is critical in influencing the success of the learning process. Students with intellectual limitations, and this affects their learning ability to a large degree.
The presence of a specific deficiency could be indicated by a low score in one subject and high scores in others. Psychology demonstrates that people have distinct types of intelligence. In the counselling and diagnosis of handicap, understanding the nature of the pupil's intelligence is quite useful.
2. Learning Factor
Factors such as a lack of understanding of what has been taught, incorrect work or study practises, and a limited experimental background can all impair a student's learning process. If the school moves too quickly and does not continually check to see if the student is grasping what is being taught, the student will develop a number of deficits that will interfere with his or her ability to learn.
Basic addition, for example, is necessary for successful multiplication work in mathematics. In addition, weakness will contribute directly to the lack of multiplication. Failure in history may also be related to a lack of reading ability or an inability to communicate in English.
Similarly, the pupil may have learned ineffective study methods as a result of poor instruction. Other types of difficulty that are directly related to learning variables can pause their progress.
3. Physical Factor
Health, physical development, nutrition, visual and bodily disabilities, and glandular abnormalities are all included in this category. It is widely acknowledged that poor health hinders physical and motor development, and that hunger obstructs learning and physical growth.
Children with visual, auditory, and other physical disabilities have a hard time learning basic skills like reading and spelling. Various internal secretory glands, such as the thyroid and pituitary glands which control hormone secretion, have been shown to influence behaviour. The learner's health will most likely have an impact on their capacity to learn and concentrate.
4. Mental Factor
Mental elements include attitude. Organic and kinesthetic factors combine to form attitudes. They are not to be confused with emotions that are characterised by visceral disturbances within the body. Attitudes are more or less categorical. They have a significant role in the individual's mental organisation and overall conduct.
Attitudes play a role in the development of a person's personality. Interest, joy, affection, prejudice, open-mindedness, and loyalty are among these attitudes. Attitudes have a stimulating effect on the rate of learning and teaching, as well as educational progress.
The learner's attitude has an impact on the efficiency of the task and the speed with which it is completed on a daily basis. Learning is aided by a positive mental attitude. In nature, the factors of interest and symbolic drive and reward are inextricably linked.
5. Social And Emotional Factors
Personal and social elements such as instincts and emotions, as well as collaboration and rivalry, are all linked to a complicated psychology of motivation. It is a well-known truth that an individual's diverse responses to various types of stimuli are influenced by a wide range of tendencies.
Some of these natural tendencies are beneficial, while others are detrimental. A student may have developed a hate for a subject for a variety of reasons, including a failure to perceive its usefulness or a lack of basis. This distaste causes a negative emotional state.
Some students are unhappy all of the time because they are afraid of being picked on by their teachers and peers. This is an unhealthy factor that has a significant impact on the learning process. This is frequently the result of insufficient training.
The knowledge or misconception that one is worse off than others in terms of well-being is also the source of social unrest.
6. Environmental Factor
The physical conditions required for learning are influenced by the environment. The environment in which learning takes place is one of the aspects that influences its efficiency. Classrooms, textbooks, equipment, school supplies, and other educational resources are all included.
If instruction is to yield the desired results, learning settings in the classroom and at home must be favourable and adequate. It is impossible to deny that the type and quality of instructional materials and equipment have a significant impact on the school's instructional efficiency.